Star formations are unbelievable, comparatively unappreciated structures that are a fascination of mine – banging constructions that only actually become visually arresting when you look down on them from above. This case of munition design was acquired in the early 16th century as citizenry realized that barer, often circular fortifies were useful once it came to the job in hand: defense.
Palmanova is a town and comune in northeastern Italy, close to the border with Slovenia. It is located 20 km from Udine, 28 km from Gorizia and 55 km from Trieste near the junction of the Autostrada Alpe-Adria (A23) and the Autostrada Venezia-Trieste (A4).
Palmanova is famous for its fortress plan and structure, called a star fort, imitated in the Modern era by numerous military architects.
Bourtange is a star fort and village in the Westerwolde region of the Dutch province of Groningen. It is a part of the municipality of Vlagtwedde, and lies about 32 km northeast of Emmen.
The fortifications were initially built during the Eighty Years’ War (c. 1568–1648) when William I of Orange wanted to control the only road between Germany and the city of Groningen which was controlled by the Spaniards. This road followed a sandy ridge (tange) through the marshes.
Saint-Martin-de-Ré is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in south-western France.It is one of the 10 communes located on the Île de Ré.
Naarden is a municipality and a town in the Gooi region in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands. Naarden is an example of a Spanish star fort, complete with fortified walls and a moat. The walls and the moat have been restored and are in a very good state.