Ephesus The ancient city in Anatolia

Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the west coast of Anatolia, near present-day Selçuk, Izmir Province, Turkey. It was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League during the Classical Greek era. In the Roman period, it was for many years the second largest city of the Roman Empire; ranking behind Rome, the empire’s capital. Ephesus had a population of more than 250,000 in the 1st century BC, which also made it the second largest city in the world.

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Library of Celsus

The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BCE), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Temple was destroyed in 401 CE by a mob led by St. John Chrysostom. Emperor Constantine I rebuilt much of the city and erected new public baths. The town was again partially destroyed by an earthquake in 614. The city’s importance as a commercial center declined as the harbor was slowly silted up by the Cayster River.

2 artemisephesus Ephesus The ancient city in Anatolia

Site of the Temple of Artemis in the town of Selçuk, near Ephesus.

Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia that are cited in the Book of Revelation. The Gospel of John may have been written here. It is also the site of a large gladiators’ graveyard.

Today’s archaeological site lies 3 kilometers southwest of the town of Selçuk, in the Selçuk district of ?zmir Province, Turkey. The ruins of Ephesus are a favorite international and local tourist attraction, partly owing to their easy access from Adnan Menderes Airport and via the port of Ku?adas?.

3 Ephesus Theater Ephesus The ancient city in Anatolia

Theater

4 Temple of Hadrian Ephesus 2 767x1024 Ephesus The ancient city in Anatolia

Temple of Hadrian

5 Selçuk Ayasoluk IsabeyMosque Ephesus The ancient city in Anatolia

?sa Bey Mosque

6 House of the Virgin Mary Ephesus The ancient city in Anatolia

House of the Virgin Mary.

7 Celsus library 3 Ephesus The ancient city in Anatolia

Roman Library of Celsus

8 GateOfAugustus Ephesus The ancient city in Anatolia

Gate of Augustus

9 Tomb of Saint John the Apostle Ephesus The ancient city in Anatolia

Tomb of John the Apostle at the Basilica of St. John

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